What is the difference between e-Learning 1.0 and e-Learning 2.0
and how does Web 2.0/Social Media change learning?
Web 2.0 is getting more public attention. There appear more Application and information services. Today the computer based (local) applications getting more web applications. Web 2.0 is often identified with the innovations in technology.
But how does Web 2.0/Social Media change learning?
Michael Kerres the author of the text “Using the potential of web 2.0” has the proposition that Web 2.0 based on a new kind of perception of the people in the context of using Internet.
It means that classical platforms of learning will be replace by personal learning and working areas.
While using Web 2.0 new technologies, products and business models arise like Wikis, Blogs or Podcasts. Terms like Social platforms, Tagging and user generated content were created and getting important for the Web 2.0. One important feature is that the local computer based applications getting online.
For Example if you want to find a picture you can use platforms like “Flickr”. There are a lot of different pictures from different photographers. The content is online. And of course you can share your pictures, too. That’s the reason why communities emerge. No longer only a place where you can save your facts or information’s. Now it is a medium for social communication. And that’s not enough Internet is what you wish that it should be. It can be television, phone, newspaper and radio. We all define and develop the Internet with our expectations and actions.
There are three differences or a shift of borders:
- User versus author: At the time there was a different between being the user or the author. You only could be one. Today the Internet user from the past could be user and author simultaneously in one person. “Wikipedia” is a good example for using both roles.
- Local versus distant: At the time you saved your data local on your computer and worked local with them. Today data doesn’t take place on the computer at home. Instead the user has a big storage on servers all over the world. That means that local and private are getting distant and public.
- Private versus public: Everybody can publish everything. You can show everything in the Internet about you without any filter. The transfer from private things to public depends on your own and is unlimited. That is really a big responsibility. And also important you cannot delete them.
You also can adopt the effects on the shift of borders into the learning context:
- The so-called user being active in Web 2.0 is a learner and a teacher as well. It means that the clear border between being the teacher or the learner is getting relativise.
- Because of getting mobile with mobile phones, laptops and stuff like that you can learn everywhere. Local gets distant. Also the connecting from everywhere to your home is possible. That means the campus as a classroom and home as a classroom as well. That favored the creation of new physical learning rooms and the increasing networking of already existing learning rooms.
- Learning is no longer a private activity. Now there is the possibility to learn on websites and make your learning results public on Blogs to discuss with other classmates or unknown people all over the world (It means it’s a kind of learning performance and learning activity).
What is the difference between e-Learning 1.0 and e-Learning 2.0?
Until now developing E-Learning offers was the same like developing E-Learning content, which were offered on a server for the students/ learners. You can imagine the learning platform like didactic islands, without access to diverse communication possibilities the Internet offers. The teachers created the content. They fill the didactic islands with content and different tools. Learning to future platforms to fill with life tools are provided with an independent configuration of the learning environment by enabling the learner as well as exchanges with others. The posssibility to find learning input in the Internet is big but finding high quality material is presupposing a high methodological expertise.
Teacher also try to guide learners or give them a direction and support them by selecting of resources.
In summary: Three aspects characterizing e-Learning 2.0:
a.) Learning environment as a portal with comprehensive tools
b) Teacher has a moderating role and show how using them.
c.) Students will configure itself and their learning and working area.
The change in e-learning web 2.0 is reflected by the term PLE – Personal learning Enviorment. That means an personal enviroment for the learners like a individual Blog or Wikis for collaborative working and a portfolio which includes your own work.
But that doesn´t mean that PLE should replace the “old fashioned” learning platforms. It means that in e-learning 2.0 the learning platforms and the including content should be integrated in your Personal learning Enviroment and your working area.
Also important for using e-learning is that the tools you can use in the online systems are neutral. That is important for creating a flexible working space.
By matching e-learning 2.0 and e-learning 1.0 – e-learning 2.0 submitsthe active learning. The user can practice the offered Applications and the learning content in a social context of a group. Web 2.0 changes the learning in a social place. This changing allows user generated content as a valuable Ressource by interacting in a social place.
E-learning 2.0 is open approaches in the implementation of teaching. 2.0 out of learning portals are characterized by the fact that they are flexible in order to integrate themselves into the desired level of educational environment.